2596. kata
Strong's Concordance
kata: down, against, according to
Original Word: κατ?
Part of Speech: Preposition
Transliteration: kata
Phonetic Spelling: (kat-ah')
Definition: down, against, according to
Usage: gen: against, down from, throughout, by; acc: over against, among, daily, day-by-day, each day, according to, by way of.
HELPS Word-studies

2596 katá (a preposition, governing two grammatical cases) – properly, "down from, i.e. from a higher to a lower plane, with special reference to the terminus (end-point)" (J. Thayer).

[2596 (katá) is written 'kat' or 'kath' before a vowel. So too, kata loses the final a before an initial diphthong (cf. BDF § 17; MH 61-62; R 206-208).

2596 /katá ("bring down exactly, complete") is "opposite" to 303 /aná ("bring up to completion").]

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
preposition of uncertain origin
Definition
down, against, according to
NASB Translation
about (5), accord (1), accordance (12), according (140), accordingly (1), after (8), after another (1), against (52), along (1), along the coast (2), among (3), another (2), around (1), basis (1), because (2), before (1), beyond* (1), case* (2), certain (1), circumstances* (2), conforming (1), contrary (1), daily* (10), down (4), each (2), effect (1), every (10), every* (1), exactly* (1), excessively* (1), godly* (1), how* (1), inasmuch* (2), individually* (1), just (2), like (4), more (1), motives (1), natural* (1), off (2), one* (2), outwardly* (1), over (3), private* (1), privately* (7), reference (1), rightly* (1), standpoint (2), terms (2), through (1), throughout (6), together* (1), various (4), way (4), within (2).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 2596: κατ?

κατ? (on its neglect of elision before a vowel see Tdf, Proleg., p. 95; cf. Winers Grammar, § 5, 1 a.; a. 10; WH's Appendix, p. 146a), a preposition denoting motion or diffusion or direction from the higher to the lower; as in classical Greek, joined with the genitive and the accusative.

I. With the genitive (Winer's Grammar, § 47, k., p. 381 (357); (B, § 147, 20));

1. properly,

a. down from, down: κατ? το? κρημνο?, Matthew 8:32; Mark 5:13; Luke 8:33; κατεχην κατ? τ?? κεφαλ?? (so that it flowed down from his head (cf. Winer's Grammar, 381 (357) note); but it is more correct here to omit κατ? with L T Tr WH; see καταχ?ω), Mark 14:3; hence κατ? κεφαλ?? (a veil hanging down from his entry) ?χων, 1 Corinthians 11:4 ((A. V. having his head covered) cf. καταπ?τασμα (or rather κ?λυμμα (which see), but see ?χω, I. 1 b.)).

b. down upon (down into) anything: Acts 27:14 (Winers Grammar, 381 (357) note{1}; cf. B. D. American edition, under the word ); tropically, ? κατ? β?θου? πτωχε?α reaching down into the depth, i. e. deep or extreme poverty, 2 Corinthians 8:2 (cf. Strabo 9, 5, p. 419 ?στι τ? μαντε?ον ?ντρον κο?λον κατ? β?θου?).

c. used of motion or extension through a space from top to bottom; hence through, throughout: in the N. T. (and in Luke's writings; Buttmann, § 147, 20) everywhere with the adjective ?λο?, as καθ' ?λη? τ?? περιχ?ρου τ?? ?ουδα?α?, τ?? ??ππη?, Luke 4:14; Luke 23:5; Acts 9:31; Acts 10:37 (διεσπ?ρησαν κατ? τ?? ν?σου, Polybius 3, 19, 7; ?σκεδ?σμενοι κατ? τ?? χ?ρα?, 1, 17, 10; 3, 76, 10; μ? παραβα?νειν τ?? ?μαροτροχια?, ?λλ? κατ' α?τ?ν ??ναι, Aelian v. h. 2, 27).

2. metaphorically,

a. after verbs of swearing, adjuring (the hand being, as it were, placed down upon the thing sworn by (cf. Bernhardy (1829), p. 238; Kühner, § 433 at the end)), by: Matthew 26:63; Hebrews 6:13, 16 (Isaiah 45:23; 2 Chronicles 36:13; Judith 1:12; Demosthenes 553, 17; 554, 23).

b. against (properly, down upon (Winer's Grammar, 382 (358)); Hebrew ???): opposed to ?π?ρ, Mark 9:40; 2 Corinthians 13:8; Romans 8:31; opposed to μετ?, Matthew 12:30; Luke 11:23; after ?πιθυμε?ν, Galatians 5:17; ε?πε?ν πονηρ?ν (??μα), Matthew 5:11; λαλε?ν, Acts 6:13; Jude 1:15; μαρτυρ?α, Mark 14:55; Matthew 26:59; μαρτυρε?ν, 1 Corinthians 15:15 (here many take κατ? equivalent to with regard to, of; cf. DeWette at the passage; Lob. ad Phryn., p. 272); ψευδομαρτ?ρειν, Mark 14:56f; γογγ?ζειν, Matthew 20:11 (Exodus 15:24 Alex.); διδ?σκειν, Acts 21:28; ψε?δεσθαι, James 3:14 (Xenophon, Apology 13); συμβο?λιον λαβε?ν or ποιε?ν, Matthew 27:1; Mark 3:6; α?τε?σθαι τ?, Acts 25:3, 15; after verbs of accusing, etc.: ?χειν τ?, Matthew 5:23; Mark 11:25; Revelation 2:4, 14, 20; κατηγορε?ν, Luke 23:14; κατηγορ?α, John 18:29 (Tdf. omits κατ?); ?γκ?λειν, Romans 8:33; ?ντυγχ?νειν τ?νι, Romans 11:2; add, Acts 24:1; Acts 25:2; James 5:9; τ? χειρ?γραφον, Colossians 2:14; κρ?σιν ποιε?ν, Jude 1:15; after verbs of rebelling, fighting, prevailing: Matthew 10:35; Matthew 12:25; Acts 14:2; 1 Corinthians 4:6; 2 Corinthians 10:5; 1 Peter 2:11; (Revelation 12:7 Rec.); ?σχ?ειν, Acts 19:16; ?ξουσ?αν ?χειν, John 19:11.

II. With the accusative; cf. Winers Grammar, § 49 d.; Bernhardy (1829), p. 239ff

1. of place;

a. of the place through which anything is done or is extended (properly, down through; opposed to ?ν?, up through): καθ' ?λην τ?ν π?λιν κηρ?σσειν, Luke 8:39; ?κφ?ρειν κατ? τ?? πλατε?α?, Acts 5:15 (R G); add, Luke 9:6; Luke 13:22; Luke 15:14; Acts 8:1; Acts 11:1; Acts 15:23; Acts 21:21; Acts 24:5, 12; Acts 27:2; το?? κατ? τ? ?θνη (throughout Gentile lands) π?ντα? ?ουδα?ου?, Acts 21:21, cf. Grimm on 2 Macc. 1:1; κατ? τ?ν ?δ?ν, along the way i. e. on the journey (Winer's Grammar, 400 (374) note{1}), Luke 10:4; Acts 8:36; Acts 25:3; Acts 26:13; along (Latinsecundum orpraeter (R. V. off)), π?λαγο? τ? κατ? τ?ν Κιλικ?αν, Acts 27:5.

b. of the place to which one is brought (down): γεν?μενο? (Tr WH omit γ.) κατ? τ?ν τ?πον (?λθ?ν etc.), Luke 10:32 (cf. Field, Otium Norv. Pars iii at the passage); ?λθ?ντε? κατ? τ?ν Μυσ?αν, Acts 16:7; κατ? τ?ν Κν?δον, Acts 27:7; κατ' α?τ?ν (came) to him, i. e. to the place where he was lying, Luke 10:33.

c. of direction; toward: Λιβ?η ? κατ? Κυρ?νην, that Libya which lay toward Cyrene, i. e. Libya of Cyrene (i. e. the chief city of which was Cyrene), Acts 2:10; βλ?πειν, to look, lie toward (see βλ?πω, 3), Acts 27:12; πορε?εσθαι κατ? μεσημβρ?αν, Acts 8:26; κατ? σκοπ?ν, toward the goal, my eye on the goal, Philippians 3:14. against (Latinadversus with the accusative); over against, opposite: κατ? πρ?σωπον, to the face, Galatians 2:11 (see πρ?σωπον, 1 a.); equivalent to present, Acts 25:16 (A. V. face to face); 2 Corinthians 10:1; with the genitive of person added, before the face of, in the presence of, one: Luke 2:31; Acts 3:13; τ? κατ? πρ?σωπον, the things that are open to view, known to all, 2 Corinthians 10:7; κατ' ?φθαλμο??, before the eyes, Galatians 3:1; here, too, according to some (cf. Winer's Grammar, 400 (374) note{3}) belongs κατ? Θε?ν, Romans 8:27, but it is more correctly referred to 3 c. α. below.

d. of the place where: κατ' ο?κον (opposed to τ? ?ερ?), at home, privately (Winer's Grammar, 400 (374) note{1}), Acts 2:46; Acts 5:42.

e. of that which so joins itself to one thing as to separate itself from another; our for, by: κατ' ?δ?αν, apart, see ?διο?, 2; καθ' ?αυτ?ν, alone (by himself), Acts 28:16; James 2:17 (R. V. in itself) (2 Macc. 13:13; ο? καθ' α?το?? ?λληνε?, Thucydides 1, 138; ο? Βοιωτοι καθ' α?το??, Diodorus 13, 72; other examples are given by Alberti, Observations, etc., p. 293; Loesner, Observations, e Philone, p. 460f); ?χειν τ? καθ' ?αυτ?ν, to have a thing by and to oneself, i. e. to keep it hidden in one's mind, Romans 14:22 (Josephus, Antiquities 2, 11, 1; Heliodorus 7, 16; (cf. Winer's Grammar, 401 (375) note{1})); hence, of that which belongs to some person or thing: κατ? τ?ν ο?σαν ?κκλησ?αν, belonging to (A. V. in) the church that was there, Acts 13:1; ? ?κκλησ?α κατ' ο?κον τ?νο?, belonging to one's household (see ?κκλησ?α, 4 b. aa.); hence it forms a periphrasis — now for the genitive, as τ? κατ? ?ουδα?ου? ?θη (equivalent to τ?ν ?ουδα?ων), Acts 26:3; now for the possessive pronoun, ο? καθ' ?μ?? ποιητα?, your own poets, Acts 17:28 (here WH marginal reading καθ' ?μ??, see their Introductory § 404); ν?μου το? καθ' ?μ?? (a law of your own), Acts 18:15; τ? κατ' ?μ? πρ?θυμον, my inclination, Romans 1:15 (see πρ?θυμο?); ? καθ' ?μ?? π?στι?, Ephesians 1:15 (? κατ? τ?ν τ?ραννον ?ματη? τ? κα? δ?ναμι?, Diodorus 14, 12; μ?χρι τ?ν καθ' ?μ?? χρ?νων, Dionysius Halicarnassus, Antiquities 2, 1; cf. Grimm on 2 Macc. 4:21, p. 88; a throng of examples from Polybius may be seen in Schweighaeuser, Lex. Polybius, p. 323f; (cf. Winers Grammar, 154 (146); 400 (374) note{2}; especially Buttmann, § 132, 2)).

2. of Time (cf. Winers Grammar, 401 (374)); during, about; Latintempore: κατ' ?κε?νον, or το?τον τ?ν καιρ?ν, Acts 12:1; Acts 19:23; Romans 9:9; Hebrews 9:9 (R G); κατ? τ? α?τ?, at the same time, together, Acts 14:1 (see α?τ??, III. 1); κατ? τ? μεσον?κτιον, Acts 16:25; κατ? μ?σον τ?? νυκτ??, Acts 27:27; (possibly also κατ? μεσημβρ?αν, at noon, Acts 8:26 (see μεσημβρ?α, b.)); κατ? καιρ?ν, see καιρ??, 2 a.; κατ' ?ρχ?? (Herodotus 3, 153), in the beginning (of things), Hebrews 1:10; κατ? τ?ν ?μ?ραν το? πειρασμο?, Hebrews 3:8 (as the Sept. in this passage have rendered the preposition ??? in the context by ?? ( τ? παραπικρασμ?, Psalm 94:8 ()), some would take it and κατ? here equivalent to like as in the day etc.; Vulg.secundum); κατ? π?ν σ?ββατον, Acts 13:27; Acts 15:21; Acts 18:4; καθ' ?κ?στην ?μ?ραν, Hebrews 3:13; κατ? μ?να (?να) ?καστον, Revelation 22:2; κατ' ?ναρ, during a dream, see ?ναρ.

3. it denotes reference, relation, proportion, of various sorts;

a. distributively, indicating a succession of things following one another (Winers Grammar, 401 (374); Buttmann, § 147, 20); α, in reference to place: κατ? π?λιν, in every city (city by city, from city to city), Luke 8:1, 4; Acts 15:21; Acts 20:23; Titus 1:5 (Thucydides 1, 122); κατ' ?κκλησ?αν, in every church, Acts 14:23; with the plural, κατ? π?λει?, Luke 13:22; κατ? τ?? κ?μα?, Luke 9:6 (Herodotus 1, 96); κατ? τ?που?, Matthew 24:7; Mark 13:8; Luke 21:11; κατ? τ?? συναγωγ??, in every synagogue, Acts 22:19; (cf. κατ? το?? ο?κου? ε?σπορευ?μενο?, Acts 8:3). β. in reference to time: κατ' ?το?, yearly, year by year, Luke 2:41; also κατ' ?νιαυτ?ν (see ?νιαυτ??); καθ' ?μ?ραν etc., see ?μ?ρα, 2, p. 278{a}; κατ? μ?αν σαββ?του (R G σαββ?των), on the first day of every week, 1 Corinthians 16:2; κατ? ?ορτ?ν, at any and every feast, Matthew 27:15; Mark 15:6; Luke 23:17 (Rec.; cf. Buttmann, § 133, 26. Others understand the phrase in these passages (contextually) "at or during (see 2 above) the feast," viz. the Passover; cf. Winer's Grammar, 401 (374)). γ. universally: καθ' ?να π?ντε?, all one by one, successively, 1 Corinthians 14:31, see more fully in ε??, 4 c.; κατ? δ?ο, by two, 1 Corinthians 14:27; κατ? ?κατ?ν κα? κατ? πεντ?κοντα, by hundreds and by fifties, Mark 6:40 L T Tr WH; κατ? μ?ρο?, severally, singly, part by part, Hebrews 9:5 (Herodotus 9, 25; Xenophon, anab. 3, 4, 22); κατ' ?νομα, by name, i. e. each by its own name (Vulg.nominatim (orper nomen)): John 10:3; 3 John 1:15 (14); cf. Herm. ad Vig., p. 858f.

b. equivalent to the Latinratione habita alicuius rei vel personae; as respects; with regard to; in reference to; so far as relates to; as concerning; (Winer's Grammar, 401 (375)): κατ? σ?ρκα or κατ? τ?ν σ?ρκα, as to the flesh (see σ?ρξ (especially 2b.)), Romans 1:3; Romans 9:3, 5; 1 Corinthians 1:26; 1 Corinthians 10:18; 2 Corinthians 11:18; ο? κ?ριοι κατ? σ?ρκα (Luther well,die leiblichen Herren), in earthly relations, according to the arrangements of society, Ephesians 6:5; κατ? τ? ε?αγγ?λιον, κατ? τ?ν ?κλογ?ν, Romans 11:28; add, Romans 1:4; Romans 7:22; Philippians 3:5; Hebrews 9:9; τ? κατ? τινα, one's affairs, one's case, Acts 24:22; Acts 25:14; Ephesians 6:21; Philippians 1:12; Colossians 4:7 (and very often in classical Greek); κατ? π?ντα τρ?πον, in every way, in every respect, Romans 3:2; the opposite κατ? μηδ?να τρ?πον, in no wise, 2 Thessalonians 2:3; κατ? π?ντα, in all respects, in all things, Acts 17:22; Colossians 3:20, 22; Hebrews 2:17; Hebrews 4:15 (Thucydides 4, 81).

c. according to, agreeably to; in reference to agreement or conformity to a standard, in various ways (Winer's Grammar, 401 (375)); α. according to anything as a standard, agreeably to: περιπατε?ν κατ? τ?, Mark 7:5; Romans 8:1 (Rec.), ; ; 2 Thessalonians 3:6; Ephesians 2:2; ζ?ν κατ?, Acts 26:5; Romans 8:12f; πορε?εσθαι, 2 Peter 3:3; ?ποδιδ?ναι τ?νι, Matthew 16:27, etc. (see ?ποδ?δωμι, (especially 4)); λαμβ?νειν, 1 Corinthians 3:8; so with many other verbs a thing is said to be done or to occur κατ?, as in Luke 2:27, 29; John 7:24; Colossians 2:8; Colossians 3:10; 1 Timothy 1:18; Hebrews 7:15; Hebrews 8:5, 9; 1 John 5:14, etc.; (on the phrase κατ' ?νθρωπον, see ?νθρωπο?, especially 1 c.; (cf. ?. below; Winer's Grammar, 402 (376))); κατ? τ?ν γραφ?ν, τ?? γραφ??, James 2:8; 1 Corinthians 15:3f.; κατ? τ? γεγραμμ?νον, 2 Corinthians 4:13; κατ? τ? ε?ρημ?νον, Romans 4:18; κατ? τ?ν ν?μον, Luke 2:39; John 18:31; John 19:7; Hebrews 9:22; κατ? τ? ε?αγγ?λιον μου, Romans 2:16; Romans 16:25; 2 Timothy 2:8, cf. 1 Timothy 1:11; κατ? τ? ?ρισμ?νον, Luke 22:22; καθ' ?μο?ωσιν Θεο?, James 3:9; κατ? λ?γον rightly, justly (A. V. reason would etc.), Acts 18:14; κατ? τινα, agreeably to the will of anyone, as pleases him (Winer's Grammar, 401f (375)): so κατ? Θε?ν, Romans 8:27 (cf. 1 c. above); 2 Corinthians 7:9, 11; κατ? Χρσιτον ?ησο?ν, Romans 15:5; κατ? κ?ριον, 2 Corinthians 11:17; κατ? τ?ν καθαρισμ?ν, after the manner of purifying, as the rite of purification prescribed, John 2:6; ο? κατ? σ?ρκα ?ντε?, who bear, reflect, the nature of the flesh, equivalent to ο? σαρκικο?, and ο? κατ? πνε?μα ?ντε? equivalent to ο? πνευματικο?, Romans 8:5; κατ? τ? γν?σομαι; in accordance with what criterion i. e. by what sign shall I know? Luke 1:18. Here belongs the use of the preposition in the titles of the records of the life of Christ: ε?αγγ?λιον (which word the Sinaiticus and Vaticanus manuscripts omit) κατ? Ματθα?ον, Μ?ρκον, etc., as Matthew etc. composed or wrote (it). This use of the preposition was not primarily a mere periphrasis for the genitive (Ματθαιου, etc., see II. 1 e. above), but indicated that the same subject had been otherwise handled by others, cf. ? παλαι? διαθ?κη κατ? το?? ?βδομ?κοντα (in tacit contrast not only to the Hebrew text, but also to the Greek translations made by others); ο? ?πομνηματισμοι ο? κατ? Νημιαν, 2 Macc. 2:13 (see Grimm at the passage). Subsequently κατ? with an accusative of the writer came to take the place of the genitive, as ? κατ? Μω?σ?α πεντ?τευχο? in Epiphanius (haer. 8, 4. Cf. Winers Grammar, 402 (375); Buttmann, 3; 157 (137); and see, further, Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word ε?αγγ?λιον, James Morison, Commentary on Matthew, Introductory § 4). β. in proportion to, according to the measure of: χαρ?σματα κατ? τ?ν χ?ριν τ?ν δοθε?σαν ?μ?ν δι?φορα, Romans 12:6; κατ? τ? μ?τρον, 2 Corinthians 10:13; Ephesians 4:7; κατ? τ?ν σκληρ?τητ? σου, Romans 2:5; κατ? τ?ν χρ?νον, Matthew 2:16; ?κ?στ? κατ? τ?ν ?δ?αν δ?ναμιν, Matthew 25:15; without the article κατ? δ?ναμιν, 2 Corinthians 8:3 (opposed to ?π?ρ δ?ναμιν, as Homer, Iliad 3, 59 κατ' Αισαν, ?υδ' ?π?ρ Αισαν); καθ' ?σον, by so much as, inasmuch as, Hebrews 3:3; Hebrews 7:20; Hebrews 9:27; κατ? τοσο?το, by so much, Hebrews 7:22. γ. used of the cause; through, on account of, from, owing to (in accordance with i. e. in consequence of, by virtue of) (Winer's Grammar, 402 (376)): κατ? π?σαν α?τ?αν, (for every cause), Matthew 19:3; κατ? τ?ν χ?ριν το? Θεο?, 1 Corinthians 3:10; 2 Thessalonians 1:12; 2 Timothy 1:9 (κατ? τ?ν το? Θεο? πρ?νοιαν, Josephus, Antiquities 20, 8, 6); κατ? χ?ριν, Romans 4:16; also opposed to κατ? ?φε?λημα (R. V. as of ... as of), Romans 4:4; ο? κατ? φ?σιν κλ?δοι, the natural branches, Romans 11:21 (cf. Buttmann, 162 (141)); ? κατ? φ?σιν ?γριλαιο?, the natural wild olive tree, Romans 11:24; ? κατ? π?στιν δικαιοσ?νη, righteousness proceeding from faith, Hebrews 11:7; add, Romans 8:28; Romans 9:11; Romans 11:5; Romans 16:25; 1 Corinthians 12:8; 2 Corinthians 13:10; Galatians 2:2; Galatians 3:29; Ephesians 1:5, 7, 9, 11, 19; Ephesians 3:7, 11, 16, 20; Colossians 1:11, 29; Philippians 1:20; Philippians 3:21; Philippians 4:11, 19; 2 Thessalonians 1:12; 2 Thessalonians 2:9; 2 Timothy 1:8; Hebrews 2:4; Hebrews 7:16; Titus 1:3; 1 Peter 1:3; 2 Peter 3:15. adverbial phrases (Winer's Grammar, § 51, 2 g.): κατ' ?ξουσ?αν (with authority), Mark 1:27; κατ' ?ν?γκην, κατ? ?κο?σιον (q. v) (of necessity, of free will), Philemon 1:14; κατ? γν?σιν, 1 Peter 3:7; κατ' ?π?γνωσιν, Romans 10:2 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 403 (376)); κατ? ?γνοιαν (in ignorance), Acts 3:17. δ. of likeness; as, like as: συντελ?σω ... διαθ?κην καιν?ν, ο? κατ? τ?ν διαθ?κην κτλ., Hebrews 8:8f (1 Kings 11:10); so with the accusative of a person (cf. under α. above), Galatians 4:28; 1 Peter 1:15; κατ? Θε?ν, after the image of God, Ephesians 4:24; κρ?νεσθαι κατ? ?νθρ?που?, ζ?ν κατ? Θε?ν, to be judged as it is fit men should be judged, to live as God lives, 1 Peter 4:6. Hence, it is used ε. of the mode in which a thing is done; of the quality: ?νδρε? ο? κατ' ?ξοχ?ν τ?? π?λεω?, the principal men of the city, Acts 25:23; καθ' ?πομ?νην ?ργου ?γαθο?, equivalent to ?πομ?νοντε? ?ργ? ?γαθ? (by constancy in well-doing), Romans 2:7; especially in adverbial phrases: κατ? τα?τα in (or after) the same (or this) manner, Luke 6:23 (L text T Tr WH κατ? τ? α?τ?, L marginal reading κατ? τα?τα) (26 (editions as before)); Luke 17:30 (T Tr WH κατ? τ? α?τ?, G L κατ? τα?τα); καθ' ?περβολ?ν, Romans 7:13; 1 Corinthians 12:31, etc. (cf. Winers Grammar, 466 (434); Buttmann, 96 (84)); κατ? π?στιν equivalent to πιστε?οντε? (A. V. in faith; cf. Winer's Grammar, 403 (376)), Hebrews 11:13; κατ? συγγν?μην, ο? κτ? ?πιταγ?ν, by way of concession, not by way of commandment, 1 Corinthians 7:6, cf. 2 Corinthians 8:8; κατ? κρ?το?, Acts 19:20; καθ' ?μοι?τητα, Hebrews 4:15; on the phrase κατ? ?νθρωπον see ?νθρωπο?, 1 c. (cf. α. above).

d. of the end aimed at; the goal to which anything tends; (Latinad (Winer's Grammar, 402f (376))): κατ' ?παγγελ?αν ζω??, to proclaim life, 2 Timothy 1:1 (but see ?παγγελ?α, 1); κατ' ε?σ?βειαν, tending to godliness (1 Timothy 6:3; Titus 1:1) (see ε?σ?βεια; (yet others refer these examples and that which follows, to the use set forth above, in c.)); κατ? π?στιν, to awaken, produce faith, Titus 1:1 (examples of this use of κατ? from Homer, Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, may be seen in Passow, under the word II. 3, p. 1598{b}; (Liddell and Scott, under the word B. III. 1); cf. Herm. ad Vig., p. 632; Kühner, ii., p. 412); many refer to this head also κατ' ?τιμ?αν (to my dishonor (Winer's Grammar, 402f (376))) λ?γω, 2 Corinthians 11:21 (κατ' τ?ν τιμ?ν το? Θεο? το?το ποι?ν, to the honor of God, Josephus, Antiquities 3, 11, 4); but see ?τιμ?α.

III. In Composition κατ? denotes,

1. from, down from, from a higher to a lower place: with special reference to the terminus from which, as καταβα?νω, καταβιβ?ζω, etc. (cf. Winer's Grammar, 431 (401f)); with more prominent reference to the lower terminus (down), as καταβ?λλω, καταπατ?ω, etc. (cf. Winer's Grammar, as above); also of the situation or local position, as κατ?κειμαι, καθε?δω, κατατ?θημι, καθ?ζω, etc. from top to bottom, metaphorically, of things done with care, thoroughly, as καταμανθ?νω, καθορ?ω, etc.

2. in succession, in course: καθξη?; one part after another, καταρτ?ζω, κατευθ?νω, etc.

3. under, underneath: καταχθ?νιο?; the idea of putting under resides in verbs denoting victory, rule, etc., over others, as katadunasteuoo], κατακυριε?ω, κατεξουσι?ζω, καταδουλ?ω; likewise in verbs naming that with which anything is covered, concealed, overwhelmed etc., as κατακαλ?πτω, καταλιθ?ζω, κατασφραγ?ζω, κατασκι?ζω, καταισχ?νω (where the German uses the prefixüber (English over), asüberschatten, überdecken, or the syllablebe, asbeschatten, besiegeln); also in adjj. denoting an abundance of that with which a thing is filled up or as it were covered up; see below in κατε?δωλο?.

4. like the German ver-,zer-, it denotes separation, dissolution, in verbs of wasting, dissolving, etc., as κατακ?πτω, κατ?γνυμι, κατακα?ω, κατακλ?ω, καταλ?ω, κατακλ?ζω, καταναλ?σκω, καταφθε?ρω, etc.

5. equivalent to after, behind: καταδι?κω, καταλε?πω, κατακολουθ?ω, etc.

6. used of proportion and distribution, as κατακληροδοτ?ω, κατακληρονομ?ω, etc.

7. of hostility, against etc.: καταδικ?ζω, κατακρ?νω, καταλαλ?ω, καταγιν?σκω, etc. Cf. Herm. ad Vig., p. 637ff (On the construction of verbs compounded with κατ?, see Winers Grammar, as above; cf. Buttmann, 165 (143f).)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
according to, against, among

A primary particle; (prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined) -- about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) X alone, among, and, X apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), X aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, X more excellent, for, from... To, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of),... By, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, X natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) X own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), X uttermost, where(-by), with. In composition it retains many of these applications, and frequently denotes opposition, distribution, or intensity.

Forms and Transliterations
επ' καθ καθ' καθ? κατ κατ' κατα κατ? κατ? καταμ?να? kat kat' kata katá katà kath kath'
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Interlinear Greek ? Interlinear Hebrew ? Strong's Numbers ? Englishman's Greek Concordance ? Englishman's Hebrew Concordance ? Parallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 1:20 Prep
GRK: ?γγελο? Κυρ?ου κατ' ?ναρ ?φ?νη
KJV: appeared unto him in a dream, saying,
INT: an angel of [the] Lord in a dream appeared

Matthew 2:12 Prep
GRK: κα? χρηματισθ?ντε? κατ' ?ναρ μ?
KJV: being warned of God in a dream
INT: And having been divinely warned in a dream not

Matthew 2:13 Prep
GRK: Κυρ?ου φα?νεται κατ' ?ναρ τ?
KJV: to Joseph in a dream,
INT: of [the] Lord appears in a dream

Matthew 2:16 Prep
GRK: κα? κατωτ?ρω κατ? τ?ν χρ?νον
NAS: and under, according to the time
KJV: and under, according to the time which
INT: and under according to the time

Matthew 2:19 Prep
GRK: Κυρ?ου φα?νεται κατ' ?ναρ τ?
KJV: appeareth in a dream
INT: of [the] Lord appears in a dream to

Matthew 2:22 Prep
GRK: χρηματισθε?? δ? κατ' ?ναρ ?νεχ?ρησεν
KJV: being warned of God in a dream,
INT: having been divinely warned moreover in a dream he withdrew

Matthew 5:11 Prep
GRK: π?ν πονηρ?ν καθ' ?μ?ν ψευδ?μενοι
NAS: of evil against you because
KJV: of evil against you
INT: all kinds of evil against you lying

Matthew 5:23 Prep
GRK: ?χει τι κατ? σο?
NAS: has something against you,
KJV: hath ought against thee;
INT: has something against you

Matthew 8:32 Prep
GRK: ? ?γ?λη κατ? το? κρημνο?
NAS: rushed down the steep bank
KJV: ran violently down a steep place
INT: the herd down the steep bank

Matthew 9:29 Prep
GRK: α?τ?ν λ?γων Κατ? τ?ν π?στιν
NAS: It shall be done to you according to your faith.
KJV: eyes, saying, According to your faith
INT: of them saying According to the faith

Matthew 10:35 Prep
GRK: διχ?σαι ?νθρωπον κατ? το? πατρ??
NAS: A MAN AGAINST HIS FATHER,
KJV: a man at variance against his father,
INT: to set at variance a man against the Father

Matthew 10:35 Prep
GRK: κα? θυγατ?ρα κατ? τ?? μητρ??
NAS: AND A DAUGHTER AGAINST HER MOTHER,
KJV: and the daughter against her mother,
INT: and a daughter against the mother

Matthew 10:35 Prep
GRK: κα? ν?μφην κατ? τ?? πενθερ??
NAS: AND A DAUGHTER-IN-LAW AGAINST HER MOTHER-IN-LAW;
KJV: the daughter in law against her
INT: and a daughter-in-law against the mother-in-law

Matthew 12:14 Prep
GRK: συμβο?λιον ?λαβον κατ' α?το? ?πω?
NAS: out and conspired against Him, [as to] how
KJV: and held a council against him, how
INT: a counsel held against him how

Matthew 12:25 Prep
GRK: βασιλε?α μερισθε?σα καθ' ?αυτ?? ?ρημο?ται
NAS: divided against itself
KJV: divided against itself
INT: kingdom having divided against itself is brought to desolation

Matthew 12:25 Prep
GRK: ο?κ?α μερισθε?σα καθ' ?αυτ?? ο?
NAS: divided against itself
KJV: house divided against itself shall
INT: house having divided against itself not

Matthew 12:30 Prep
GRK: μετ' ?μο? κατ' ?μο? ?στ?ν
NAS: He who is not with Me is against Me; and he who does not gather
KJV: me is against me; and
INT: with me against me is

Matthew 12:32 Prep
GRK: ε?π? λ?γον κατ? το? υ?ο?
NAS: speaks a word against the Son of Man,
KJV: a word against the Son
INT: speaks a word against the Son

Matthew 12:32 Prep
GRK: ?ν ε?π? κατ? το? πνε?ματο?
NAS: speaks against the Holy
KJV: speaketh against the Holy
INT: anyhow speaks against the Spirit

Matthew 14:13 Prep
GRK: ?ρημον τ?πον κατ' ?δ?αν κα?
KJV: place apart: and
INT: a secluded place apart himself also

Matthew 14:23 Prep
GRK: τ? ?ρο? κατ' ?δ?αν προσε?ξασθαι
KJV: into a mountain apart to pray: and
INT: the mountain apart himself to pray

Matthew 16:27 Prep
GRK: ?ποδ?σει ?κ?στ? κατ? τ?ν πρ?ξιν
NAS: EVERY MAN ACCORDING TO HIS DEEDS.
KJV: every man according to his
INT: he will give to each according to the deeds

Matthew 17:1 Prep
GRK: ?ρο? ?ψηλ?ν κατ' ?δ?αν
KJV: an high mountain apart,
INT: a mountain high by themselves

Matthew 17:19 Prep
GRK: τ? ?ησο? κατ' ?δ?αν ε?πον
NAS: came to Jesus privately and said, Why
KJV: to Jesus apart, and said,
INT: to Jesus in private they said

Matthew 19:3 Prep
GRK: γυνα?κα α?το? κατ? π?σαν α?τ?αν
KJV: his wife for every cause?
INT: a wife to him for every cause

Strong's Greek 2596
480 Occurrences


κατ' — 85 Occ.
κατ? — 334 Occ.
καθ' — 61 Occ.









2595
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