1722. en
Strong's Concordance
en: in, on, at, by, with
Original Word:
Part of Speech: Preposition
Transliteration: en
Phonetic Spelling: (en)
Definition: in, on, at, by, with
Usage: in, on, among.
HELPS Word-studies

1722 en (a preposition) – properly, in (inside, within); (figuratively) "in the realm (sphere) of," as in the condition (state) in which something operates from the inside (within).

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. preposition denoting position and by impl. instrumentality
Definition
in, on, at, by, with
NASB Translation
about (3), afterwards* (2), along (1), amid (1), among (124), among* (4), because (3), before (1), before* (3), besides (1), between* (1), case (2), child* (4), circumstance (1), circumstances (1), conscious* (1), death* (1), during (7), earnestly* (1), free* (1), had (1), here* (2), how* (1), means (1), outwardly* (1), over (1), there* (2), through (18), throughout (4), together (1), under (5), under...circumstances (1), undisturbed* (1), until* (1), way (4), when (19), when* (3), where* (2), while (19), while* (3), within (14), within* (1).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 1722: ?ν

, a preposition taking the dative after it; Hebrew ???; Latinin with abl.; English in, on, at, with, by, among. (Winers Grammar, § 48 a.; Buttmann, 328f (282f)) It is used:

I. Locally;

1. of place proper;

a. in the interior of some whole; within the limits of some space: γαστρ?, Matthew 1:18; Βηθλημ, Matthew 2:1; τ? π?λει, Luke 7:37; τ? ?ουδα?α, τ? ?ρ?μ?, τ? πλο??, τ? ο?ραν?, and innumerable other examples b. in (on) the surface of a place (German auf): τ? ?ρει, John 4:20; Hebrews 8:5; πλαξ?, 2 Corinthians 3:3; τ? ?γορ?, Matthew 20:3; τ? ?δ?, Matthew 5:25, etc.

c. of proximity, at, near, by: τα?? γων?αι? τ?ν πλατει?ν, Matthew 6:5; τ? Σιλω?μ, at the fountain Siloam, Luke 13:4; τ? γαζοφυλακ??, John 8:20 (see B. D. American edition under the word : and on this passage and the preceding cf. Winer's Grammar, 385 (360)); καθ?ζειν τ? δεξι? Θεο? etc., at the right hand: Hebrews 1:3; Hebrews 8:1; Ephesians 1:20.

d. of the contents of a writing, book, etc.: τ? ?πιστολ?, 1 Corinthians 5:9; κεφαλ?δι βιβλ?ου γρ?φειν, Hebrews 10:7; τ? β?βλ?, τ? βιβλ??, Revelation 13:8; Galatians 3:10; τ? ν?μ?, Luke 24:44; John 1:45 (46); το?? προφ?ται?, in the book of the prophets, Acts 13:40; ?λ??, in that portion of Scripture which treats of Elijah, Romans 11:2, cf. Fritzsche at the passage; (Delitzsch, Brief a. d. R?mer, p. 12; Winers Grammar, 385 (360); Buttmann, 331 (285)); Δαυ?δ, in the Psalms of David, Hebrews 4:7 (see Δαβ?δ, at the end); τ? ?σεη, in the prophecies of Hosea, Romans 9:25.

e. tropically, applied to things not perceived by the senses, as τ? καρδ?α, τα?? καρδ?αι?, Matthew 5:28; Matthew 13:19; 2 Corinthians 4:6, and often; τα?? συνειδησεσι, 2 Corinthians 5:11.

2. with the dative of a person, in the person, nature, soul, thought of anyone: thus τ? Θε? κ?κρυπται ? ζω? ?μ?ν, it lies hidden as it were in the bosom of God until it shall come forth to view, Colossians 3:3, cf. Ephesians 3:9; α?τ?, i. e. in the person of Christ, κατοικε? π?ν τ? πλ?ρωμαa etc., Colossians 1:19; Colossians 2:3 ((?), 9). phrases in which ? ?μαρτ?α is said to dwell in men, Romans 7:17f; or ? Χριστ?? (the mind, power, life of Christ) ε?ναι, (John 17:26); Romans 8:10; 2 Corinthians 13:5; μ?νειν, John 6:56; (John 15:4, 5); ζ?ν, Galatians 2:20; μορφουσθαι, Galatians 4:19; λαλε?ν, 2 Corinthians 13:3; ? λ?γο? το? Θεο? ε?ναι, 1 John 1:10; μ?νειν, John 5:38; ?νοικε?ν or ο?κε?ν ? λ?γο? το? Χριστο?, Colossians 3:16; τ? πνε?μα (of God, of Christ), Romans 8:9, 11; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 2 Timothy 1:14; τ? τ?νι χ?ρισμα, 1 Timothy 4:14; 2 Timothy 1:6; ?νεργε?ν τ?νι, Matthew 14:2; Ephesians 2:2; 1 Corinthians 12:6, etc.; ?νεργε?σθαι, Colossians 1:29; κατεργ?ζεσθαι, Romans 7:8. after verbs of revealing, manifesting: ?ποκαλ?ψαι ?μο?, in my soul, Galatians 1:16; φανερ?ν ?στιν α?το??, Romans 1:19. ?αυτ?, ?αυτο??, within oneself, i. e. in the soul, spirit, heart: after the verbs ε?δ?ναι, John 6:61; ε?πε?ν, Luke 7:39; Luke 18:4; ?μβρ?μασθαι, John 11:38; στεν?ζειν, Romans 8:23; διαλογ?ζεσθαι, Mark 2:8 (alternating there with τα?? καρδ?αι?, cf. Mark 2:6); Luke 12:17; διαπ?ρειν, Acts 10:17; λ?γειν, Matthew 3:9; Matthew 9:21; Luke 7:49; also 2 Corinthians 1:9; for other examples of divers kinds, see ε?μ?, V. 4 e.

3. It answers to the German an (on; often freely to be rendered in the case of, with, etc. Winer's Grammar, § 48, a. 3 a.), when used a. of the person or thing on whom or on which some power is operative: ?να ο?τω γ?νηται ?μο?, 1 Corinthians 9:15; ποιε?ν τ? τ?νι, Matthew 17:12; Luke 23:31; cf. Matthiae, ii., p. 1341; (Winers Grammar, as above and 218 (204f); Buttmann, 149 (130)).

b. of that in which something is manifest (Winer's Grammar, as above): μανθ?νειν τ?νι, 1 Corinthians 4:6; γιν?σκειν, Luke 24:35; John 13:35; 1 John 3:19 (examples from the classics are given by Passow, 1:2, p. 908b; (cf. Liddell and Scott, under the word, A. III.)); likewise of that in which a thing is sought: ζητε?ν τ?νι, 1 Corinthians 4:2.

c. after verbs of stumbling, striking: προσκ?πτειν, Romans 14:21; πτα?ειν, James 2:10; ?κανδαλ?ζεσθαι, which see in its place.

4. with, among, in the presence of, with the dative of person (also often in the classics; cf. Matthiae, ii., p. 1340; Winer's Grammar, 385 (360) and 217f (204)): 1 Corinthians 2:6; ?φθαλμο?? ?μ?ν, Matthew 21:42; ?μο?, in my judgment, 1 Corinthians 14:11; (perhaps add Jude 1:1 L T Tr WH; but cf. 6 b. below). To this head some refer ?μ?ν, 1 Corinthians 6:2, interpreting it in your assembly, cf. Meyer at the passage; but see 5 d.γ.

5. used of that with which a person is surrounded, equipped, furnished, assisted, or acts (Winers Grammar, § 48, a. 1 b.);

a. in equivalent to among, with collective nouns: τ? ?χλ?, Mark 5:30 (Winer's Grammar, 414 (386)); τ? γενε? τα?τ?, among the men of this age, Mark 8:38; τ? γ?νει μου, in my nation i. e. among my countrymen, Galatians 1:14; especially with the dative plural of persons, as ?μ?ν, ?μ?ν, among us, among you, ?λλ?λοι?, among yourselves, one with another: Matthew 2:6; Matthew 11:11; Mark 9:50; Luke 1:1; John 1:14; John 13:35; Acts 2:29; 1 Corinthians 3:18; 1 Corinthians 5:1, and often.

b. of the garments with (in) which one is clad: ?νδ?μασι and the like, Matthew 7:15; Mark 12:38; Luke 24:4; John 20:12; Acts 10:30; Hebrews 11:37; James 2:2; Revelation 3:4; ?μφιεσμ?νον ?ματ?οι?, Matthew 11:8 (T Tr WH omit; L brackets ?ματ?οι?); Luke 7:23; περιβ?λλεσθαι ?ματ?οι?, Revelation 3:5; Revelation 4:4 (L WH text omit ).

c. of that which one either leads or brings with him, or with which he is furnished or equipped; especially after verbs of coming ( of accompaniment), where we often say with: δ?κα χιλι?σιν ?πανταν, Luke 14:31; ?λθεν μυρι?σι, Jude 1:14; cf. Grimm on 1 Macc. 1:17; ?ισ?ρχεσθαι α?ματι, Hebrews 9:25; τ? ?δατι κα? τ? α?ματι, 1 John 5:6 (i. e. with the water of baptism and the blood of atonement, by means of both which he has procured the pardon of our sins, of which fact we are assured by the testimony of the Holy Spirit); ??βδ?, 1 Corinthians 4:21; πληρ?ματι ε?λογ?α?, Romans 15:29; φθ?νειν τ? ε?αγγελ??, 2 Corinthians 10:14; πνε?ματι κα? δυν?μει ?λιον, imbued or furnished with the spirit and power of Elijah, Luke 1:17; τ? βασιλε?α α?το?, furnished with the regal power of the Messiah, possessed of his kingly power (Buttmann, 330 (284)): Matthew 16:28; Luke 23:42 (WH text L marginal reading Tr marginal reading ε?? τ?ν βασιλε?αν). Akin is its use d. of the instrument or means by or with which anything is accomplished, owing to the influence of the Hebrew preposition ??? much more common in the sacred writers than in secular authors. (cf. Winers Grammar, § 48, a. 3 d.; Buttmann, 181 (157) and 329 (283f), where we say with, by means of, by (through); α. in phrases in which the primitive force of the preposition is discernible, as πυρ? κατακα?ειν, Revelation 17:16 (T omits; WH brackets ); ?λατι ?λ?ζειν or ?ρτ?ειν, Matthew 5:13; Mark 9:50; Luke 14:34; τ? α?ματι λευκ?νειν, Revelation 7:14; α?ματι καθαρ?ζειν, Hebrews 9:22; ?δατι βαπτ?ζειν, Matthew 3:11, etc. (see βαπτ?ζω, II.

b. bb.). β. with the dative, where the simple dative of the instrument might have been used, especially in the Revelation: μ?χαιρα, ?ομφα?α ?ποκτε?νειν, Revelation 6:8; Revelation 13:10; πατ?σσειν, Luke 22:49; ?πολλυσθαι, Matthew 26:52; καταπατε?ν το?? ποσ?ν, Matthew 7:6; βραχ?ονι α?το?, Luke 1:51; δακτ?λ? Θεο?, Luke 11:20, and in other examples; of things relating to the soul, as ?γιασμ?, 2 Thessalonians 2:13 (Winer's Grammar, 417 (388)); 1 Peter 1:2; τ? παρακλ?σει, 2 Corinthians 7:7; προσευχ?, Matthew 17:21 (T WH omit; Tr brackets the verse); ε?λογε?ν ε?λογ?α, Ephesians 1:3; δικαιο?σθαι τ? α?ματι, Romans 5:9. γ. more rarely with the dative of person, meaning aided by one, by the intervention or agency of someone, by (means of) one (cf. Winers Grammar, 389 (364); Buttmann, 329f (283f)): τ? ?ρχοντι τ?ν δαιμον?ων, Matthew 9:34; ?τερογλ?σσοι?, 1 Corinthians 14:21; κρ?νειν τ?ν ο?κουμ?νην ?νδρ?, Acts 17:31; ?μ?ν κρ?νεται ? κ?σμο? (preceded by ο? ?γιοι τ?ν κ?σμον κρινο?σιν), 1 Corinthians 6:2; ?ργ?ζεσθαι τ?νι, Sir. 13:4 Sir. 30:13, 34. δ. followed by an infinitive with the article, in that (German dadurchdass), or like the Latin gerund (or English participial noun; cf. Buttmann, 264 (227)): Acts 3:26; Acts 4:30; Hebrews 2:8; Hebrews 8:13.

e. of the state or condition in which anything is done or anyone exists, acts, suffers; out of a great number of examples (see also in γ?νομαι, 5 f.; and ε?μ?, V. 4 b.) it is sufficient to cite: βασ?νοι?, Luke 16:23; τ? θαν?τ?, 1 John 3:14; ζω?, Romans 5:10; το?? δεσμο??, Philemon 1:13; πειρασμο??, 1 Peter 1:6; ?μοι?ματι σαρκ??, Romans 8:3; πολλ? ?γ?νι, 1 Thessalonians 2:2; δ?ξ?, Philippians 4:19; 2 Corinthians 3:7f; σπε?ρεται φθορ? κτλ. it (namely, that which is sown) is sown in a state of corruption, namely, , 1 Corinthians 15:42f; ?το?μ? ?χειν, to be prepared, in readiness, 2 Corinthians 10:6; ?κστ?σει, Acts 11:5; Acts 22:17; very often so used of virtues and vices, as ε?σ?βεια κα? σεμν?τητι, 1 Timothy 2:2; ?γιασμ?, 1 Timothy 2:15; καιν?τητι ζω??, Romans 6:4; τ? ?νοχ? το? Θεο?, Romans 3:26 (25); κακ?α κα? φθ?ν?, Titus 3:3; πανουργ?α, 2 Corinthians 4:2; also with an adverbial force: as δυν?μει, powerfully, with power (Winers Grammar, § 51, 1 e.; Buttmann, 330 (284)), Mark 9:1; Romans 1:4; Colossians 1:29; 2 Thessalonians 1:11; κρ?νειν δικαιοσ?νη, Acts 17:31; Revelation 19:11; χαρ?, in joy, joyful, Romans 15:32; ?κτ?νεια, Acts 26:7; σπουδ?, Romans 12:8; χ?ριτι, Galatians 1:6; 2 Thessalonians 2:16; τ?χει, Luke 18:8; Romans 16:20; Revelation 1:1. (Here perhaps may be introduced the noteworthy adverbial phrase π?σι το?τοι?, with all this, Luke 16:26 L marginal reading T Tr marginal reading WH for R G ?π? π?σι το?τοι? (see ?π?, B. 2 d.); also π?σιν, in all things (R. V. withal), Ephesians 6:16 L text T Tr WH.) A similar use occurs in speaking f. of the form in which anything appears or is exhibited, where may be represented by the German als (English as); twice so in the N. T.: σοφ?αν λαλε?ν μυστηρ?? (as a mystery (here A. V. in)), 1 Corinthians 2:7; τ? α?τ? ?ποδε?γματι π?πτειν, Hebrews 4:11 ((A. V. after); others regard this as a pregnant construction, the marking rest after motion (R. V. marginal reading into); cf. Kurtz or Lünem. at the passage; Buttmann, 329 (283); and 7 below); (διδ?ναι τ? δωρε?, 2 Macc. 4:30; Polybius 23, 3, 4; 26, 7, 5; μερ?δι, Sir. 26:3; λαμβ?νειν τ? φερν?, Polybius 28, 17, 9; examples from Plato are given by Ast, Platonic Lexicon, i., p. 702; Latininmandatisdare i. e. to be considered as orders, Caesar b. g. 1, 43). (Here perhaps may be noticed the apparent use of to denote the measure or standard (Winers Grammar, § 48, a. 3b.; Bernhardy (1829), p. 211): μ?τρ?, Ephesians 4:16 (see μ?τρον, 2); ?φερεν ?ξ?κοντα etc. Mark 4:8 WH text (note the ε??, which see B. II. 3 a.); καρποφορο?σιν τρι?κοντα etc. Mark 4:20 T Tr text WH text; but some would take here distributively, cf. Fritzsche on Mark 4:8.) g. of the things in (with) which one is busied: 1 Timothy 4:15; Colossians 4:2; ο??, Acts 26:12; α?τ?, in preaching the gospel, Ephesians 6:20; τ? ?ορτ?, in celebrating the feast, John 2:23 (L Tr brackets ); τ? διδαχ?, in giving instruction, while teaching, Mark 4:2; Mark 12:38; see ε?μ?, V. 4 d.; Passow, i., p. 910b; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 1). h. of that in which anything is embodied or summed up: α?τ? ζω? , i. e. that life of which created beings were made partakers was comprehended in him, John 1:4; το?τ? τ? λ?γ? ?νακεφαλαιο?ται, Romans 13:9 (on Ephesians 1:10 see ?νακεφαλαι?ω); π?σαν τ?ν συγγ?νειαν ψυχα?? ?βδομ?κοντα π?ντε, comprised in, consisting of, seventy-five souls, Acts 7:14 (Winer's Grammar, 391 (366)).

6. of that in which any person or thing is inherently fixed, implanted, or with which it is intimately connected;

a. of the whole in which a part inheres: properly, μ?νειν τ? ?μπ?λ?, John 15:4; ?ν? σ?ματι μ?λη πολλ?, Romans 12:4; figuratively, κρ?μασθαι τ?νι, Matthew 22:40.

b. of a person to whom another is wholly joined and to whose power and. influence he is subject, so that the former may be likened to the place in which the latter lives and moves. So used in the writings of Paul and of John particularly of intimate relationship with God or with Christ, and for the most part involving contextually the idea of power and blessing resulting from that union thus, ε?ναι or μ?νειν τ? πατρ? or τ? Θε?, of Christ, John 10:38; John 14:10f; of Christians, 1 John 3:24; 1 John 4:13, 15f; ε?ναι or μ?νειν in Christ, of his disciples and worshippers, John 14:20; John 15:4f; μ?νειν τ? υ?? κα? τ? πατρ?, 1 John 2:24; Θε?, i. e. amplified and strengthened in the fellowship of God and the consciousness of that fellowship, ?ργ?ζεσθαι τ?, John 3:21; παρρησι?ζεσθαι, 1 Thessalonians 2:2. Of frequent use by Paul are the phrases Χριστ?, Χριστ? ?ησο?, κυρ?? (cf. Fritzsche, Commentary on Romans, vol. ii., p. 82ff; Winers Grammar, 389 (364); Weiss, Biblical Theol. des N. T. §§ 84 b., 149 c.), ingrafted as it were in Christ, in fellowship and union with Christ, with the Lord: Romans 3:24; Romans 6:11, 23; Romans 8:39; 1 Corinthians 1:4; 2 Corinthians 3:14; Galatians 2:4; Galatians 3:14, 26, 28; Galatians 5:6; Ephesians 1:3 (Rec. omits ); Ephesians 2:6f, 10, 13; 1 Timothy 1:14; 2 Timothy 1:1, 13; 2 Timothy 2:1; 1 Peter 3:16; 1 Peter 5:10; στ?κειν κυρ??, Philippians 4:1; ?να ε?ρεθ? α?τ?), that I may be found (by God and Christ) most intimately united to him, Philippians 3:9; ε?ναι Χριστ? ?ησο? 1 Corinthians 1:30; ο? Χριστ? ?ησο?, Romans 8:1; 1 Peter 5:14; κοιμ?σθαι Χριστ?, θν?σκειν κυρ??, to fall asleep, to die, mindful of relationship to Christ and confiding in it (Winer's Grammar, as above), 1 Corinthians 15:18; Revelation 14:13. Since such union with Christ is the basis on which actions and virtues rest, the expression is equivalent in meaning to by virtue of spiritual fellowship or union with Christ; in this sense it is joined to the following words and phrases: π?πεισμαι, Romans 14:14 (Winer's Grammar, as above and 390 note); πεποιθ?ναι, Galatians 5:10; Philippians 1:14; 2 Thessalonians 3:4; παρρησ?αν ?χειν, Philemon 1:8; ?λπ?ζειν, Philippians 2:19; κα?χησιν ?χειν, Romans 15:17; 1 Corinthians 15:31; ?ν?κεν, Colossians 3:18; τ? α?τ? φρονε?ν, Philippians 4:2; ?πακο?ειν, Ephesians 6:1 (L omits; Tr WH brackets κυρ??); φ??, Ephesians 5:8; α?ξει, ; ζοωποιε?σθαι, 1 Corinthians 15:22; ? κ?πο? ο?κ ?στι κεν??, 1 Corinthians 15:58; ?γιο?, Philippians 1:1; ?γιασμ?νο?, 1 Corinthians 1:2; λαλε?ν, 2 Corinthians 2:17; 2 Corinthians 12:19; ?λ?θειαν λ?γειν, Romans 9:1; λ?γειν κα? μαρτ?ρεσθαι, Ephesians 4:17. Hence, it denotes the Christian aim, nature. quality of any action or virtue; thus, ?υρεστον κυρ??, Colossians 3:20 G L T Tr WH; προσδ?χεσθαι τινα, Romans 16:2; Philippians 2:29; ?σπ?ζεσθαι τινα, Romans 16:8, 22; 1 Corinthians 16:19; κοπιαν, Romans 16:12 (Winers Grammar, 390 note; L brackets the clause); γαμηθ?ναι, 1 Corinthians 7:39; χα?ρειν, Philippians 3:1; Philippians 4:4, 10; παρακαλε?ν, 1 Thessalonians 4:1; προ?στασθαι τ?νο?, 1 Thessalonians 5:12; — or is equivalent to in things pertaining to Christ, in the cause of Christ: ν?πιο?, 1 Corinthians 3:1; φρ?νιμο?, 1 Corinthians 4:10; παιδαγωγοι, 1 Corinthians 4:15; ?δο? μου, 1 Corinthians 4:17; θ?ρα? μοι ?νε?γμ?νη? κυρ??, in the kingdom of the Lord, 2 Corinthians 2:12. δικαιο?σθαι Χριστ?, by faith in Christ, Galatians 2:17. Finally, it serves as a periphrasis for Christian (whether person or thing): το?? τ?ν Ναρκ?σσου το?? ?ντα? κυρ?? (opposed to those of the family of Narcissus who were not Christians), Romans 16:11; ?νθρωπο? Χριστ?, a Christian, 2 Corinthians 12:2; α? ?κκλησ?αι α? Χριστ? Galatians 1:22; 1 Thessalonians 2:14; ο? νεκρο? Χριστο those of the dead who are Christians, 1 Thessalonians 4:16; ?κλεκτ?ν κυρ??, a Christian of mark, Romans 16:13; δ?κιμο? Χριστ? an approved Christian, Romans 16:10; δ?σμιο? κυρ??, a Christian prisoner (tacitly opposed to prisoners of another sort (Winer's Grammar, 388 (363))), Ephesians 4:1; πιστ?? δι?κονο? κυρ?? Ephesians 6:21; Colossians 4:7; διακον?α, Colossians 4:17; Χριστ? γενναν τινα, to be the author of one's Christian life or life devoted to Christ, 1 Corinthians 4:15; δεσμο? Χριστ?, bonds occasioned by one's fellowship with Christ, Philippians 1:13 (others connect Χριστ? here with φανερο??); it might be freely rendered as Christians, as a Christian, in 1 Corinthians 9:1; Philemon 1:16. πνε?ματι (?γ??) ε?ναι, to be in the power of, be actuated by, inspired by, the Holy Spirit: Romans 8:9 (here in opposed to σαρκ?); γ?νεσθαι, Revelation 1:10; Revelation 4:2; πνε?ματι Θεο? λαλε?ν, 1 Corinthians 12:3; πνε?ματι or πνε?ματι τ? ?γ?? or πνε?ματι Θεο?, namely, (being) in i. e. under the power of the Spirit, moved by the Spirit (cf. Buttmann, 330 (283f); W 390 (364f)): Matthew 22:43; Mark 12:36; Luke 2:27; 1 Corinthians 12:3; Revelation 17:3; Revelation 21:10. ?νθρωπο? πνε?ματι ?καθ?ρτ?, namely, , in the power of an unclean spirit, possessed by one, Mark 1:23; τ? πονηρ? κε?σθαι, to be held in the power of Satan, 1 John 5:19. ο? ν?μ?, subject to the control of the law, Romans 3:19, τ? ?δ?μ ?ποθν?σκειν, through connection with Adam, 1 Corinthians 15:22.

c. of that in which other things are contained and upheld, as their cause and origin: α?τ? (i. e., in God) ζ?μεν κτλ. in God is found the cause why we live, Acts 17:28; α?τ? (in Christ, as the divine hypostatic λ?γο?) ?κτ?σθη τ? π?ντα, in him resides the cause why all things were originally created, Colossians 1:16 (the cause both instrumental and final as well, for α?τ? is immediately afterward resolved into δ? α?το? κα? ε?? α?τ?ν (cf. Winers Grammar, § 50, 6 and Lightfoot at the passage)); τ? π?ντα α?τ? συν?στηκε, Colossians 1:17; ?σα?κ κληθ?σεται σοι σπ?ρμα, Romans 9:7; Hebrews 11:18, from Genesis 21:12; ?γι?ζεσθαι , with the dative of thing, Hebrews 10:10, cf. 1 Corinthians 6:11; το?τ? πιστε?ομεν, in this lies the reason why we believe, John 16:30, cf. 1 Corinthians 4:4; ? equivalent to το?τ? ?τι (in that), since: Romans 8:3; Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 6:17 (see 8 e. below). Closely related is the use of d. of that which gives opportunity, the occasion: ?φυγεν τ? λ?γ? το?τ? (on i. e. at this word; cf. Winer's Grammar, § 48, a. 3 c.), Acts 7:29.

e. after certain verbs denoting an affection, because the affection inheres or resides, as it were, in that to which it relates (cf. Buttmann, 185 (160f); Winers Grammar, 232 (217f)); see ε?δοκ?ω, ε?δοκ?α, ?υφρα?νομαι, καυχ?ομαι, χα?ρω, etc.; likewise sometimes after ?λπ?ζω, πιστε?ω, π?στι? (which see in their proper places), because faith and hope are placed in what is believed or hoped for.

7. after verbs implying motion with the dative is so used as to seem, according to our laws of speech, to be employed for ε?? with the accusative; but it indicates the idea of rest and continuance succeeding the motion; cf. Winers Grammar, § 50, 4; Buttmann, 328f (282f): thus after ?ποστ?λλω, Matthew 10:16; Luke 10:3; ?ισ?ρχεσθαι, Luke 9:46; Revelation 11:11 (not R Tr; WH brackets ); ?ξ?ρχεσθαι, Luke 7:17; 1 Thessalonians 1:8 (but not after ?ρχεσθαι in Luke 23:42, on which passage see 5 c. above); καταβα?νειν, John 5:4 (R L; cf. Winer's Grammar, § 50, 4 a.); ?πιστρ?ψαι ?πειθε?? φρον?σει δικα?ων, that they may abide in etc. Luke 1:17; καλε?ν ε?ρ?νη, ?γιασμ?, μ?α ?λπ?δι, equivalent to ε?? τ? ε?ναι ?μ?? (?μ??) etc.: 1 Corinthians 7:15; 1 Thessalonians 4:7; Ephesians 4:4; especially after τιθ?ναι and ?σταναι, which words see in their places. On the same use of the preposition, common in Homer, somewhat rare in the classic authors, but recurring frequently in writings of a later age, see Winers Grammar, the passage cited; Passow, i. 2, p. 909a; (cf. Liddell and Scott, under I. 8).

8. Constructions somewhat peculiar:

a. Α?γ?πτου namely, γ? (by an ellipsis common in Greek writings, cf. Passow, i. 2, p. 908b; (Liddell and Scott, under I. 2); Winers Grammar, 384 (359); (Buttmann, 171 (149))): Hebrews 11:26 (Lachmann); but see Α?γυπτο?.

b. expressions shaped by the Hebrew idiom: ?γορ?ζειν with the dative of price (for the price is the means by which a thing is bought (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 48, a. 3 e.)), Revelation 5:9 ( ?ργυρ??, 1 Chronicles 21:24). ?λλ?σσειν τ? τ?νι (see ?λλ?σσω), to exchange one thing for another (properly, to change something and have the exchange in (cf. Winer's Grammar, 388 (363) note; 206 (194))): Romans 1:23, 25 (here μετ?λλαξαν. ?μνυμι τ?νι) ??? ????????? , cf. Gesenius, Thesaurus iii., p. 1355; (Winers Grammar, § 32, 1 b.; Buttmann, 147 (128))), to swear by (i. e. the name of someone being interposed), or as it were relying on, supported by, someone (cf. Winer's Grammar, 389 (364)): Matthew 5:34-36; Matthew 23:16, 18-22; Revelation 10:6.

c. ?μολογ?, τ?νι after the Syriac (B ydw) [] [not the tiebr., see Fritzsche on Matthew, p. 386; Buttmann, 176 (153); Winers Grammar, § 32, 3 b., yet cf. § 4, a.]), properly, to confess in one's case (or when one's cause is at stake (cf. Winers Grammar, the passage cited; Fritzsche, the passage cited; Weiss, Das Matth?usevang., p. 278 note 1 (and in Meyer on Matthew, edition 7))), the nature of the confession being evident from the context; as, to confess one to be my master and lord, or to be my worshipper: Matthew 10:32; Luke 12:8; (cf. Westcott, Canon, p. 305 note 1).

d. on the very common phrase ?ν?ματι τ?νο?, see ?νομα (especially 2). (e. the phrase ? varies in meaning according to the varying sense of . It may be, α. local, wherein (equivalent to το?τ? ?): Romans 2:1; Romans 14:22; 2 Corinthians 11:12. β. temporal, while (cf. II. below; Winer's Grammar, § 48, a. 2): Mark 2:19; Lukev. 34; John 5:7; Luke 19:13 (Rec. ?ω?, which see). γ. instrumental, whereby: Romans 14:21. δ. causal, English in that (see M?tzner, English Gram, translation by Grece, 3:452 — concomitance passing over into causal dependence, or the substratum of the action being regarded as that on which its existence depends; cf. 'in those circumstances I did so and so'), on the ground of this that, because: Romans 8:3, etc.; see in 6 c. above. According to the last two uses, the phrase may be resolved into το?τ? ?τι or το?τ? ? (cf. Winers Grammar, § 23, 2 b. and b.); on its use see Winers Grammar, 387 (362) note; Buttmann, 331 (284f); Bernhardy (1829), p. 211; especially Fritzsche on Romans, vol. ii., p. 93f.)

II. With the notion of Time marks a. periods and portions of time in which anything occurs, in, on, at, during: τ? ?μ?ρα, τ? νυκτ?, John 11:9f, etc.; τα?? ?μ?ραι? ?κε?ναι?, Matthew 3:1, etc.; σαββ?τ?, Matthew 12:2, and in many other examples; τ? δευτ?ρ?, at the second time, Acts 7:13; τ? καθεξ??, Luke 8:1; τ? μεταξ?, in the meantime (Winer's Grammar, 592f (551)), John 4:31; ( ?σχ?τ? χρ?ν?, Jude 1:18 Rec.).

b. before substantives signifying an event, it is sometimes equivalent to at the time of this or that event (German bei); thus τ? παλιγγενεσ?α, Matthew 19:28; τ? παρουσ?α α?το? or μου, 1 Corinthians 15:23; 1 Thessalonians 2:19; 1 Thessalonians 3:13 (Winer's Grammar, § 50, 5); Philippians 2:12; 1 John 2:28; τ? ?ναστ?σει, Matthew 22:28; Mark 12:23; Luke 14:14; Luke 20:33; τ? ?σχ?τ? σ?λπιγγι, at (the sounding of) the last trumpet, 1 Corinthians 15:52; τ? ?ποκαλ?ψει of Christ, 2 Thessalonians 1:7; 1 Peter 1:7, 13; 1 Peter 4:13.

c. before infinitives with the article (Buttmann, 263f (226f); Winers Grammar, § 44, 6); before the infinitive present it signifies while, as: Matthew 13:4 ( τ? σπε?ρειν); Matthew 13:25 ( ... τ? καθε?δειν το?? ?νθρ?που?); Matthew 27:12; Mark 6:48; Luke 1:21 (cf. Buttmann, the passage cited); ; 1 Corinthians 11:21; Galatians 4:18, etc.; before the infinitive aorist, when, after that: Luke 9:36; Luke 19:15, etc.

d. within, in the course of: τρισ?ν ?μ?ραι?, Matthew 27:40; Mark 15:29 (L T Tr omit; WH brackets ); John 2:19 (Tr WH brackets ), 20; cf. Winers Grammar, § 48, a. 2; (Buttmann, § 133, 26).

III. In Composition. Prefixed to adjectives denotes lying or situated in some place or condition, possessed of or noted for something; as in ?ν?λιο?, ?νδοξο?, ?μφοβο?. Prefixed to Verbs it signifies

1. remaining, staying, continuing in some place, state, or condition; as, ?νειμι, ?μμ?νω, ?νοικ?ω.

2. motion into something, entering into, mingling in; as, ?μβα?νω, ?μβατε?ω, ?γκαλ?ω (summon to court), ?γγρ?φω, ?γκρ?πτω.

3. in ?μφυσ?ω, ?μπρ?θω, ?μπτ?ω it answers to German an (on). Before beta β', mu μ', pi π, phi Φ, psi Ψ, changes to εμ(, before gamma γ' kappa κ' xi Ξ chi Χ, to εγγ(, before lambda λ' to ελ(, although this assimilation is neglected also in the older manuscripts (in ? not often changed, Scrivener, Collation etc., p. lvi.; "in some words assimilation is constant according to all or at least all primary manuscripts while in a comparatively small number of cases authority is divided. Speaking generally, assimilation is the rule in compounds of , retention of the nu ν in those of σ?ν (Prof. Hort). Following manuscript authority T WH write ?γγρ?φω, ?νκαθετο?, ?νκαινια, ?νκαιν?ζω, ?νκατοικ?ω, ?νκαυχ?ομαι, ?νκεντρ?ζω, ?νκρ?νω, ?νπεριπατ?ω, ?νπν?ω; T ?νκ?πτω; WH ?νκοπη, ?νκυο?; but L T Tr WH retain ?γκαλ?ω, ?γκλημα, ?γκομβωμαι, ?γκρ?τεια, ?γκρατε?ομαι, ?γκρατ??, ?γχρ?ω, ?λλογ?ω (?λλογ?ω), ?μβα?νω, ?μβ?λλω, ?μβ?πτω, ?μβατε?ω, ?μβλ?πω, ?μβριμ?ομαι, ?μμα?νομαι, ?μπαιγμον?, ?μπαιγμ??, ?μπα?ζω, ?μπα?κτη?, ?μπ?πλημι, ?μπ?πτω, ?μπλ?κω, ?μπλοκ?, ?μπορε?ομαι, ?μπορ?α, ?μπ?ριον, ?μπορο?, ?μπτ?ω, ?μφαν??, ?μφαν?ζω, ?μφοβο?, ?μφυτο?; L T Tr ?γκυο?; L Tr WH ?μμ?νω, ?μπροσθεν; L Tr ?γγρ?φω, ?γκ?θετο?, ?γκα?νια, ?γκαιν?ζω, ?γκακ?ω, ?γκαταλε?πω, ?γκατοικ?ω, ?γκαυχ?ομαι, ?γκεντρ?ζω, ?γκοπ?, ?γκ?πτω, ?γκρ?νω, ?μπεριπατ?ω, ?μπν?ω; T ?μπιπρ?ω; T WH are not uniform in ?γκακ?ω, ?γκαταλε?πω; nor T in ?μμ?νω, ?μπροσθεν; nor WH in ?γκ?πτω. — Add L T Tr WH ?ν?γκλητο?, παρεμβ?λλω, παρεμβολ?. See Gregory in the Proleg. to Tdf: edition 8, p. 76ff; Hort in WHs Appendix, p. 149; Alexander Buttmann (1873) in Studien und Kritiken for 1862, p. 179f; especially Meisterhans, p. 46)

STRONGS NT 1722: ενκ(ενκ(, see εγκ( and under the word , III. 3.

STRONGS NT 1722: ενπ(ενπ( see εμπ( and under the word , III. 3 fine print.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
about, after, as.

A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. A relation of rest (intermediate between eis and ek); "in," at, (up-)on, by, etc. -- about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... Sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.

see GREEK eis

see GREEK ek

Forms and Transliterations
ει ει? ε?? εκ ?κ ΕΝ ?ν ?ν εξ επι επ? ?π? παρ' σ?ν την eis ek EN én epi epì par par' sun syn s?n
Links
Interlinear Greek ? Interlinear Hebrew ? Strong's Numbers ? Englishman's Greek Concordance ? Englishman's Hebrew Concordance ? Parallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 1:18 Prep
GRK: α?το?? ε?ρ?θη γαστρ? ?χουσα
NAS: she was found to be with child by the Holy
KJV: she was found with child of
INT: they she was found in womb to have [child]

Matthew 1:20 Prep
GRK: τ? γ?ρ α?τ? γεννηθ?ν
KJV: for that which is conceived in her is
INT: that which indeed in her having been conceived

Matthew 1:23 Prep
GRK: ? παρθ?νο? γαστρ? ?ξει
NAS: THE VIRGIN SHALL BE WITH CHILD AND SHALL BEAR
KJV: a virgin shall be with child, and
INT: the virgin in womb [child] will have

Matthew 2:1 Prep
GRK: ?ησο? γεννηθ?ντο? Βηθλε?μ τ??
KJV: was born in Bethlehem
INT: Jesus having been born in Bethlehem

Matthew 2:1 Prep
GRK: τ?? ?ουδα?α? ?μ?ραι? ?ρ?δου
KJV: of Judaea in the days
INT: of Judea in [the] days of Herod

Matthew 2:2 Prep
GRK: τ?ν ?στ?ρα τ? ?νατολ?
KJV: his star in the east, and
INT: the star in the east

Matthew 2:5 Prep
GRK: ε?παν α?τ? Βηθλε?μ τ??
KJV: unto him, In Bethlehem
INT: they said to him In Bethlehem

Matthew 2:6 Prep
GRK: ?λαχ?στη ε? το?? ?γεμ?σιν
NAS: LEAST AMONG THE LEADERS
KJV: the least among the princes
INT: least are among the rulers

Matthew 2:9 Prep
GRK: ?ν ε?δον τ? ?νατολ?
KJV: they saw in the east,
INT: which they saw in the east

Matthew 2:16 Prep
GRK: πα?δα? το?? Βηθλε?μ κα?
KJV: the children that were in Bethlehem,
INT: boys that [were] in Bethlehem and

Matthew 2:16 Prep
GRK: Βηθλε?μ κα? π?σι το??
KJV: Bethlehem, and in all the coasts
INT: Bethlehem and in all the

Matthew 2:18 Prep
GRK: Φων? ?αμ? ?κο?σθη
KJV: In Rama was there
INT: A voice in Ramah was heard

Matthew 2:19 Prep
GRK: τ? ?ωσ?φ Α?γ?πτ?
KJV: a dream to Joseph in Egypt,
INT: to Joseph in Egypt

Matthew 3:1 Prep
GRK: ΕΝ ΔΕ ΤΑΙΣ
KJV: In those days
INT: in moreover the

Matthew 3:1 Prep
GRK: βαπτιστ?? κηρ?σσων τ? ?ρ?μ?
KJV: preaching in the wilderness
INT: Baptist proclaiming in the wilderness

Matthew 3:3 Prep
GRK: Φων? βο?ντο? τ? ?ρ?μ?
KJV: of one crying in the wilderness,
INT: [The] voice of one crying in the wilderness

Matthew 3:6 Prep
GRK: κα? ?βαπτ?ζοντο τ? ?ορδ?ν?
KJV: of him in Jordan, confessing
INT: and were baptized in the Jordan

Matthew 3:9 Prep
GRK: δ?ξητε λ?γειν ?αυτο?? Πατ?ρα
KJV: not to say within yourselves, We have
INT: think to say within yourselves [For] father

Matthew 3:11 Prep
GRK: ?μ?? βαπτ?ζω ?δατι ε??
KJV: baptize you with water unto
INT: you baptize with water to

Matthew 3:11 Prep
GRK: ?μ?? βαπτ?σει πνε?ματι ?γ??
KJV: shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost,
INT: you will baptize with [the] Spirit Holy

Matthew 3:12 Prep
GRK: τ? πτ?ον τ? χειρ?
KJV: Whose fan [is] in his hand,
INT: the winnowing fork [is] in the hand

Matthew 3:17 Prep
GRK: ? ?γαπητ?? ? ε?δ?κησα
KJV: Son, in whom
INT: the beloved in whom I am well pleased

Matthew 4:13 Prep
GRK: τ?ν παραθαλασσ?αν ?ρ?οι? Ζαβουλ?ν
KJV: is upon the sea coast, in the borders
INT: which [is] on the sea-side in [the] region of Zebulun

Matthew 4:16 Prep
GRK: ? καθ?μενο? σκ?τει φ??
KJV: which sat in darkness saw
INT: who were sitting in darkness a light

Matthew 4:16 Prep
GRK: το?? καθημ?νοι? χ?ρ? κα?
KJV: to them which sat in the region and
INT: to those who were sitting in [the] land and

Strong's Greek 1722
2777 Occurrences


?ν — 2775 Occ.
Λαοδικε?? — 1 Occ.
?φθαλμοδουλ?? — 1 Occ.









1721
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